East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur, usually abbreviated as NTT) is a province of Indonesia that is located in the eastern portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands. The provincial capital is Kupang, located on West Timor.
It stretch is between the east longitude of 118° and 125°, and between the southern latitude lines of 1 18° and 125°, and between the southern latitude lines of 8° and 12°. The territory of East Nusa Tenggara Province comprises 566 islands. The three main islands are Flores, Sumba, and Timor from which come the term FLOBAMOR, which has been familiar as one of the names of East Nusa Tenggara.
The province consists of about 550 islands, but is dominated by the three main islands of Flores, Sumba, and Timor.
Other islands include Adonara, Alor, Komodo, Lembata, Menipo, Raijua, Rincah, Rote Island (the southernmost island in Indonesia), Savu, Semau, and Solor.
In 2008, the population of the province was estimated to be 4,534,319. The religious mix is non typical of Indonesia, with 91% Christian, 8% Muslim, 0.6% Hindu or Buddhist, and 0.4% holding traditional beliefs.
Due to central highlands and their closeness to Australia, the seasions are irregular. Generally the islands are semi-arid, with a longer dry season lasting from March to November. The wet season lasts from December to March, but can be considerably shorter.
East Nusa Tenggara is mountainous, and very steep slopes are everywhere besides some not too wide plateaus or uplands. The low-lands are a long the coastal areas only. Despite of the situation, most part of this region are not fertile, since the rainfall varies between 500 mm and 2000 mm a year.
East Nusa Tenggara is one of the poorest provinces in Indonesia. Socio-economic indicators is low compared with most other provinces in Indonesia.